Rockingham County Public Schools
Chemical Hygiene Plan
Table of Contents
Chemical Hygiene Plan 1
Chemical Hygiene Plan - Overview 2
Chemical Hygiene Officer Duties 3
Operating Procedures – Rules for Employees 4
Chemical Storage Rules and Procedures 5
Rules & Guidelines for Chemical Safety in Laboratory 7
Facilities & Safety Equipment for Laboratory 12
Employee Training 13
Chemicals Purchased from Local Community Suppliers
Science Safety Guidelines for Teachers
RCPS Science Safety Rules & Procedures Agreement
Science Chemical List
Science Department Chemical Storage Inspection Checklist
100 Mount Clinton Pike
Chemical Hygiene Plan
For Science Departments of Rockingham County Public Schools
The Chemical Hygiene Plan for Science Departments of Rockingham County is written to comply with criteria applicable to the school science laboratory found in:
OSHA and VOSH Hazard Communication Standard 1910.1200 of 1984
Laboratory standard of Part 1910 – Occupational Safety and Health Standards Section 191.1450 Occupation exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories
Appendix A to 191.1450 – National Research Council Recommendation Concerning Chemical Hygiene in laboratories
Chemical Hygiene Plan
For Science Departments of Rockingham County Public Schools
Purpose: The Chemical Hygiene Plan has been developed to provide employees of Rockingham County Public Schools with information necessary to safely work in the school science laboratory.
Access: All components of the Chemical Hygiene Plan will be available to all employees as follows:
1. Each high school and middle school will have copies of the Chemical Hygiene Plan, the school chemical inventory, and the Materials Safety Data Sheets in the PrincipalÕs office, science department and/or chemical storage area. At each elementary school the Principal and Lead Science Teacher will have a copy of the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
2. Each middle school and high school science teacher will be given access to a copy of the Chemical Hygiene Plan through a link on the Rockingham County Public School homepage at http://www.rockingham.k12.va.us/RCPS_Science/ChemHygienePlan.htm . In addition the Chemical Hygiene Plan and Materials Safety Data Sheets will be given to each high school and middle school custodian/maintenance department and kept in a location known and accessible to all custodians.
3. Records of previous exposure or medical records related to hazardous chemicals in the science laboratory will be available from the Human Resources office.
Revisions: All components of the Chemical Hygiene Plan will be reviewed annually and necessary revisions will be made and disseminated.
Compliance: An annual evaluation of compliance to the OSHA Laboratory Standards and an inspection of the science chemical storage areas of each high school and middle school will be conducted. A written report will be completed noting any conditions not in compliance with the OSHA Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standards and the Chemical Hygiene Plan for Science Departments of Rockingham County Public Schools. Problems indicated by the inspection will be noted and corrective measures will be taken in a timely manner with the cooperation of the school. A copy of the inspection report and any notations will be kept by the school Chemical Hygiene Officer and the School Principal and may be viewed by other employees of the school upon request.
Chemical Hygiene Officer
Role: Chemical Hygiene Officers have the duty and responsibility of monitoring the Chemical Hygiene Plan at their respective schools. A Chemical Hygiene Officer will be appointed at each middle school and high school on an annual basis by the principal.
Their duties will include:
1. Being familiar with all aspects of the Chemical Hygiene Plan, especially chemical storage and safety provisions in the science area.
2. Being a contact person for disseminating information involving chemical safety to employees of the school. This will include an annual inservice for employees (See the Employee Training component, page 13).
3. Being a resource for employees at the school on matters involving the use of chemicals in the science laboratory.
4. Inspecting safety equipment at the beginning of each semester and cooperating with the annual inspection of laboratories and chemical storage areas. See page 2 – Compliance and page 12 – Facilities and Safety Equipment for Science Laboratories.
5. Reporting to the school principal and any other persons deemed necessary, any conditions involving chemicals that pose risks to health or safety.
6. Monitoring science chemical inventories and updating the school chemical inventory list when necessary.
7. Making requests to the Director of Maintenance for disposal of unwanted chemicals from the science area. A request for disposal of unwanted chemicals includes the name of the chemical, if known, and the quantity of the chemical. Requests for disposal of chemicals should be sent to the Director of Maintenance by September 30th of each school year.
8. Initialing chemical orders to indicate no prohibited chemicals are being ordered.
While the appointment of a Chemical Hygiene Officer is intended to enhance safety for employees, it does not lessen the responsibility of any employee to learn and practice safe procedures for working and teaching in a school science laboratory.
Operating Procedures – General Rules for Employees
All employees involved in the science laboratory environment or teaching a science lesson involving chemicals must read and adhere to the provisions of the Science Safety Guidelines for Teachers and model the same correct, safe behaviors expected of students in the Science Safety Rules and Procedures Agreement.
No teacher or other employee should attempt a laboratory experiment unless they are appropriately trained in that science discipline, are fully aware of possible hazards, and are willing to follow all procedures necessary for a safe laboratory experience. No experiment is justified if the safety of an employee or student is in doubt.
In addition, employees should:
1. Minimize all chemical exposure.
2. Not underestimate chemical hazards.
3. Know and understand the hazards of each chemical reactant and each of the products of chemical experiments as stated in the MSDS, lab direction, etc.
4. Know how to properly store all chemicals. If there is a question, the Chemical Hygiene Officer for the school should be consulted.
5. Wear appropriate eye protection at all times. Chemical splash goggles must be worn anytime chemicals, glassware, or heat are used in the laboratory. (See RCPS School Board Policy, IZH, Protective Eye Devices)
6. Use protective safety equipment to reduce potential exposure, i.e. gloves, respirators, fume hood, etc. A safety shield or fume hood must be used for hazardous demonstrations.
7. Never perform a first-time chemical demonstration in front of your class. Always perform first-time demonstrations in front of other instructors to evaluate the safety of the demonstration.
8. Know the locations for all personal safety and emergency equipment such as eye wash, shower, fire extinguisher, and spill control materials.
9. Know appropriate emergency procedures, waste disposal, spill clean up, evacuation routes, and fire emergency notification.
10. Only teachers/staff may handle concentrated materials requiring mixing or dilution.
11. Exercise great care in moving chemicals from room to room. Use trays or carts with raised edges for moving glassware and chemicals.
12. Wash hands thoroughly after handling any chemicals or materials.
Chemical Storage Rules and Procedures
No chemicals should be purchased or used in science laboratory exercises unless they:
(a) support the Essential Understandings and/or the Essential Knowledge found in the Science Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework, 2003, and
(b) are published in an appropriate laboratory manual with complete instructions.
Chemicals are to be purchased from commercial chemical suppliers except for those chemicals listed in Appendix A that may be purchased from local community suppliers. Under no circumstances are chemicals to be accepted as gifts or otherwise acquired from private individuals, manufacturing companies, government agencies, etc. The teacher should be familiar with any exercise involving chemicals and follow safe procedures for use and storage of those chemicals.
The quantity of chemicals stored should not be excessive. It is recommended that quantities be limited to amounts no greater than what will be consumed over two academic years. Refer to the Flinn catalog for specifications on shelf life and storage directions. Dispose of chemicals that have exceeded their shelf life.
1. An updated inventory of all chemicals, their quantities, and storage location must be kept in the PrincipalÕs office and in the science department or chemical storage area.
2. All chemicals including solutions you have made must be clearly labeled. In addition to the contents and concentration, the date of purchase or mixing should be written on the label. No unlabeled chemicals are to be stored.
3. All chemicals should be stored in chemically compatible families. Refer to the Flinn catalog for information about compatible families.
4. Store chemicals in a separate, locked, dedicated storeroom. If chemicals are used in the classroom for lab exercises, they must be returned to the proper storage location at the end of the day.
5. Only authorized personnel are allowed in the chemical storage area.
6. Store the minimum amount of chemicals needed and avoid bulk purchases. Smaller containers, though generally more expensive, promote freshness, maintain quality, reduce the likelihood of contamination, and lesson severity of spills.
7. To reduce the potential for overexposure to more hazardous materials consider purchasing ready-to-use products that require no mixing or dilution of concentrated ingredients when appropriate.
8. Store corrosives in appropriate corrosives cabinets.
9. No flammable materials should be stored outside of an approved flammables storage cabinet unless in safety cans.
Chemical Storage Rules and Procedures (continued)
10. Store flammables away from all sources of ignition.
11. Never store flammables in refrigerators unless the refrigerator is explosion proof.
12. Avoid storing hazardous chemicals on shelves above eye level.
13. The storage area and cabinets should be labeled to identify the hazardous nature of the products stored within.
14. Chemicals should not be stored on the floor except in approved shipping containers.
15. Storage areas should be well ventilated.
16. Chemical exposure to heat or direct sunlight should be avoided.
17. Reduce the accumulation of waste by disposing of waste as soon as possible after use. This will eliminate the complications associated with the disposal of large quantities.
18. Metal and glass containers of flammable liquids, such as the ones listed below, are limited to a maximum size of one gallon. Approved safety cans are limited to a maximum size of two gallons or 8 liters.
¥ Amyl Alcohol
¥ Methyl Ethyl Ketone
19. Compressed gas cylinders must be stored with the cylinder valve closed, away from heat, and adequately secured to prevent damage caused by rolling or falling. Acetylene and liquefied gas cylinders are stored in the upright position.
20. Employees conducting an inventory or inspection of a chemical storage area must wear splash goggles and lab coats. If chemical containers are being rearranged, employees are not to work alone.
Specific Rules and Guidelines for Chemical Safety in the School Science Laboratory
Material Safety Data Sheets:
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a technical information sheet detailing health and safety information concerning a hazardous chemical or chemical substance. Most MSDS are divided into the following nine sections:
This section identifies the chemical and manufacturer. It gives both the chemical and trade names along with any synonyms for the substance.
The percentage of each hazardous ingredient in the substance is given and data on its hazards are provided.
Often the concentration of the substance to which a person can safely be exposed is given. The safe exposure limit is reported as the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) or the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL). Both TLVÕs and PELÕs represent safe exposure limits and are figured for average exposures over a typical eight-hour workday.
TLVÕs are used to express the airborne concentration of a material to which nearly all persons can be exposed day after day without adverse effects. TLVÕs are expressed in three ways:
TLV-TWA: The allowable time-weighted average exposure limit calculated for a normal eight-hour workday.
TLV-STEL: The short-term exposure limit or maximum concentration for a continuous fifteen minute exposure period (maximum of four such periods per day with at least sixty minutes between exposure periods provided that the daily TLV-TWA is not exceeded).
TLV-C: The ceiling exposure limit – the concentration that should not be exceeded even instantaneously.
PELÕs also may be expressed as a time-weighted average (TWA), short-term exposure level (STEL) or a maximum ceiling exposure level (C).
TLVÕs and PELÕs listed on a MSDS are usually expressed as Òparts per millionÓ (ppm), that is, parts of a contaminant per million parts of air. TLVÕs and PELÕs may also be expressed as milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m3).
Here the MSDS covers the physical characteristics of the chemical or chemical substance. In order to control potential hazards, it is important for employees to be familiar with the physical characteristics of the substances that are used.
FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
The section provides information concerning a substanceÕs potential for fire and explosion, plus any special precautions that should be taken during firefighting activities.
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
This section gives health information, including primary routes of entry for the chemical or chemical substance, signs and symptoms of exposure, medical conditions aggravated by exposure and whether the substance is a know carcinogen (cancer-causing agent). In addition, it gives first aid procedures so employees can be prepared if an emergency occurs.
The toxicity of a substance is usually reported as LS50 (Lethal Dose) for solids and liquids and LC50 (Lethal Concentration) for dusts, mists, gases and vapors. The LD50 is the ingested dose of a substance that produces death in 50 percent of a group of laboratory animals. The LC50 is the inhaled vapor concentration of a substance that produces death in 50 percent of the animals.
This section describes that materialÕs stability, incompatibility with other substances, and hazardous products that may be produced if the substance should decompose. It also lists conditions to be avoided for storage and handling of the substance.
SPILL AND LEAK PROCEDURES
This section gives special information on how the substance should be handled during a spill or leak. It also describes the recommended disposal method. This information is especially important when preparing emergency procedures.
SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
This section lists any personal protective equipment (respiratory protection, gloves, eye protection) needed to safely handle the substance. If protective equipment is required, this section will list the specific types that are recommended, such as a full-face mask respirator, rubber gloves, and chemical safety goggles. Safe use of some substances may require special ventilation, and this information will be found in this section of the MSDS.
This section lists special precautions to follow when handling the chemical or chemical substance. Health and safety information not covered in other parts of the MSDS are listed here.
The rules and guidelines below are designed to avoid a number of hazardous situations. However, it must be realized that some employees such as chemistry teachers may be exposed to chemicals on a daily basis for a long period of time. These employees should be especially aware of the toxicological information on the Material Safety Data Sheets for chemicals they frequently use.
1. Never perform unauthorized laboratory experiments. Perform chemical experiments from a published procedure with an understanding of possible hazards.
2. Inspect all protective safety equipment before use. If defective, do not use.
3. Have appropriate types and sizes of fire extinguishers. Triclass ABC are appropriate for laboratories. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are inappropriate for laboratories. A Class D fire extinguisher or clean, dry sand should be available when working with flammable solids. The inspection tag on fire extinguishers must have a current date.
4. Do not block fire exits. Keep all aisles clear.
5. Post emergency telephone numbers in the chemical storage area. Have a telephone, intercom, or other means of emergency communication in the laboratory.
6. Clean up spills immediately and thoroughly. Follow approved spill cleanup procedures; spills should only be cleaned up by approved personnel.
7. The use or storage of mercury or mercury compounds is prohibited.
8. Neutralizing chemicals, such as a spill kit, dry sand, kitty litter, and other spill control materials, should be readily available.
9. Important notes on Chemical Disposal
a. Due to the periodic disposal of unwanted chemicals by a licensed disposal company, the quantity limits on stored chemicals, and the restrictions on purchasing, the disposal of hazardous reagents from the school science department should not pose a problem. The Chemical Hygiene Officer will be in charge of disposal of all hazardous reagents.
b. All unknown chemicals will be considered hazardous.
c. In general, the small quantities (test tube amounts) of chemical waste generated by the science laboratory pose no problem for water treatment plants. Flush with adequate amounts of water to protect plumbing. If there are any questions about a substance, consult with the Chemical Hygiene Officer.
d. Biological preservatives such as alcohol or formalin may be flushed with water if quantities do not exceed a few gallons. However, it is suggested that specimens be ordered in packaging that uses the minimum amount of preservative. Non-formaldehyde preservatives are preferred.
e. Preserved dissection specimens may be disposed of like any other materials going to the landfill.
10. Work and floor surfaces should be cleaned regularly and kept free of clutter.
11. Do not use chipped, etched, or cracked glassware. Glassware that is chipped or scratched presents a serious breakage hazard when heated or handled.
12. Eye protection must be worn. Chemical splash goggles must meet ANSI Z87.1 Standard. Wear face shields when dealing with corrosive liquids, (i.e., full strength acids and bases).
13. Wear gloves that offer protection for all hazards you may find in the lab.
14. Always wear a lab coat or a chemical-resistant apron when dealing with corrosive chemicals.
15. Do not pipet by mouth. Always use a pipet bulb or other appropriate suction device.
16. Wash thoroughly after any chemical exposure or before leaving the laboratory.
17. Never smell chemicals directly; always waft the odors to your nose using your hand.
18. Ingestion of food and water is prohibited in a science lab.
19. Do not apply cosmetics in areas where laboratory chemicals are present.
20. Read all labels carefully; the names of many chemicals look alike at first glance.
21. No unlabeled products should be stored anywhere in the science facility.
22. Handle toxic, corrosive, flammable, and noxious chemicals under a fume hood.
23. Do not expose stock containers of flammable liquids to open flame, sparks, heat, or any source of ignition.
24. At least every semester inspect all shelf clips in your acid cabinet to check for possible corrosion. Corroded shelf clips can lead to a shelf collapsing and causing dangerous spills.
25. Use a safety shield when igniting flammable substances during demonstrations.
26. Use extreme caution when handling finely divided (dust-like) material. Finely divided materials may form explosive mixtures with air and also make inhalation of toxic materials more likely.
27. Discourage the use of contact lenses in areas where chemicals are used or stored. If contacts must be worn, wear non-vented goggles.
28. All accidents or near accidents (close calls) should be carefully analyzed with the results distributed to all who might benefit. Send your information to the Science Supervisor for distribution.
29. In the event of an injury, when time allows, fill out an accident report describing the event in detail. Accident report forms are obtainable from the school principal.
30. Develop and practice emergency plans (fire, spills, power failure, etc.) with your students. Discuss your plans with the Chemical Hygiene Officer.
Facilities and Safety Equipment for Science Laboratories
For the safe operation of the Science Laboratory the following conditions are necessary where chemicals, open flames, heating of glassware, or release of fumes are involved.
1. An easily accessible fire blanket must be present where open flames are used.
2. Clean and functional splash goggles must be available.
3. Adequate laboratory ventilation must be provided when chemical fumes are liberated. Exhaust air must be vented externally to the building or otherwise purified. A rate of four to twelve air changes per hour is recommended.
4. Fire extinguishers must be of the right type, Tri-class ABC, and they must always be properly inspected. A fire extinguisher must be located in each laboratory and chemical storage area.
5. Eyewash stations must be functional and flushed at least once a month. Eye wash bottles should be maintained according to the manufacturers directions.
6. Fume hood must be functional. A level of 60 – 100 linear feet per minute is recommended.
7. A safety shield must be available for demonstrations. This does not remove the responsibility for wearing safety goggles.
8. Full body showers are to be located in high school chemistry labs.
9. Running water should be available for hand washing in laboratories using preserved specimens or handling chemicals.
In no instance should a classroom not properly equipped be used for laboratory exercises involving chemicals, flames, or release of fumes. The Chemical Hygiene Officer must inspect all safety equipment at the beginning of each semester and correct deficiencies immediately. The Chemical Hygiene Officer must keep documentation of corrective actions taken.
At the beginning of each year, the Chemical Hygiene Officer at each high school and middle school will provide an orientation about the Chemical Hygiene Plan to employees who will be working in the science laboratory and chemical storage areas. Employees hired after this orientation must be presented the same information before they begin work in the science laboratory.
The orientation will include the following:
1. Distribution of the written Chemical Hygiene Plan or an online review of the Chemical Hygiene Plan for Science Departments of Rockingham County Public Schools to each middle school and high school science teacher and each maintenance/custodial department. If these employees have copies already, any changes or updates of information will be provided.
2. Locations of the chemical inventory and Material Safety Data Sheets at the school. Copies of MSDS sheets should be in a location within the Science Department that is known by and accessible to all teachers who use these materials.
3. Procedure for reporting accidents. Use the ÒFirst Report of InjuryÓ form to report an accident.
4. Procedure for reporting unsafe conditions.
5. Procedure for medical treatment involving chemical exposure. Remember one source of information for medical treatment is found on Material Safety Data Sheets.
6. Procedure for acquiring and disposing of chemicals. The schoolÕs Chemical Hygiene Officer should send a request for disposal of unwanted chemicals including the name of the chemical, if known, and the quantity of the chemical to the Director of Maintenance by September 30th of each school year. The Chemical Hygiene Officer must give approval in writing for the acquisition of any chemicals in high schools and middle schools.
7. Instruction on how to read the Material Safety Data Sheets to obtain appropriate hazard information.
8. A reminder of the list of chemicals prohibited in the school science laboratory.
9. Instruction on emergency procedures in the event of fire, chemical spills, or injury.
Additional employee training should be regularly included in Science Department meetings and/or other inservice meetings.
Chemicals Purchased from Local Community Suppliers
The chemicals listed below may be purchased from local community suppliers such as grocery stores. All other chemicals are to be purchase from commercial chemical suppliers.
Chalk- for lab experiments
Hydrogen peroxide 2 %
Milk of Magnesia
Nail polish remover
Plaster of Paris
Scrubbing Bubbles Shampoo/ conditioner
Tie Dye Dyes
Tincture of Iodine
Vegetable oil-corn oil, etc.
Procedure for adding chemicals to the list of chemicals that may be purchased from local community suppliers
The Chemical Hygiene Officer at any High School or Middle School may give a temporary approval for the purchase of a chemical not listed in Appendix A, Chemicals Purchased from Local Community Suppliers for the current school year.
1. The Chemical Hygiene Officer will notify General Supervisor, Science, of this temporary approval.
2. At the beginning of each school year the Chemical Hygiene Officers will meet and review all chemicals that have received temporary approval during the previous school year and decide whether to add the chemicals to list of chemicals in Appendix A.
Science Safety Guidelines for Teachers
Rockingham County Public Schools
The following minimum guidelines must be read and observed by all teachers K-12 who teach science. These guidelines are part of the Chemical Hygiene Plan and are reviewed annually.
1. It is the teacherÕs responsibility to know any hazards that might be associated with a laboratory experiment or demonstration and to take steps to protect themselves and their students against such hazards. Only demonstrate experiments and/or have students perform experiments that are very familiar to you. If there is any doubt about the safety of an experiment, wait until you can find someone who can answer your questions before proceeding.
2. Students must be under the active supervision of a teacher during any science experiment. Teachers are never to leave the room while students are engaged in a laboratory exercise or when chemicals or equipment are in use in the room.
3. Teachers must be familiar with all safety equipment and emergency procedures. Safety equipment (safety goggles, aprons, etc.) appropriate to the laboratory experiment must be provided. The teaching environment should be appropriate for the science activities performed. The teaching environment includes features such as room size, adequate ventilation, the presence of fire extinguishers, eye wash fountains, etc. Student maturity and behavior should be taken into consideration when selecting laboratory exercises.
4. Students must be instructed in safety rules before lab activities. The ÒRockingham County Public Schools Science Safety Rules and Procedures AgreementÓ or an alternative, course specific, science safety agreement approved by the General Supervisor, Science, is required for middle and high school students in science classes in grades 6-12. (Flinn ScientificÕs Student Safety Contract http://www.flinnsci.com/Documents/miscPDFs/Safety_Contract.pdf
and Flinn ScientificÕs Middle School Science Safety Contract http://www.flinnsci.com/Documents/miscPDFs/safety_contract_MS.pdf
are approved science safety agreements.)
5. Students must be instructed in procedures for leaving the science room under emergency conditions.
Teachers who engage in laboratory activities involving chemicals need to consult the Chemical Hygiene Plan for more specific rules and procedures designed to protect them as employees of Rockingham County Public Schools.
1. Do not acquire or store any chemicals unless they support the Essential Understandings and/or the Essential Knowledge found in the Science Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework, 2003.
Chemical Guidelines (continued)
2. Purchase or receive chemicals only from reliable sources such as science supply companies. Do not accept donations from other sources, private or public.
3. Avoid stockpiling chemicals in order to prevent problems with storage space, deterioration, magnitude of accidental spills, etc.
4. All chemicals must be stored in a locked storage room. Students must not have access unless directly supervised by a teacher.
5. Adequate ventilation is essential. Most elementary school classrooms, or classrooms not equipped as a science lab, do not have adequate ventilation for experiments involving volatile substances.
6. Chemical splash goggles must be worn during all chemical experiments. If students are observing a chemistry demonstration, a protective safety shield is needed in addition to the safety goggles.
1. Do not operate and do not allow a student to operate any piece of equipment that is not thoroughly familiar to you. Be sure that you have thoroughly explained the operation procedures to the student.
2. Teachers and students must wear eye protection when heating glassware, using chemicals, or performing experiments that could generate flying objects. In addition, a safety shield should be used during demonstrations that pose these hazards.
3. Instruct students in the proper use of flames or heating elements before use in an experiment. Do not use alcohol burners.
4. Never allow a student to focus direct sunlight through a microscope. Magnifying glasses can also cause eye damage if a student looks through them at the sun.
5. Elementary teachers should substitute plastic measuring vessels for glassware whenever possible.
6. Thermometers, barometers, or other devices containing mercury are not to be used. (Note: The Science Chemical Review List prohibits the use or storage of mercury and mercury compounds).
7. Inspect all electrical cords before use. Keep areas around electrical cord, outlets, and equipment dry.
1. No lab exercises involving the collecting of or use of blood are to be performed. Blood experiments are to be done with commercially available blood substitutes and microscopy of human blood is to be done with commercially prepared slides, and not fresh smears.
2. The deliberate culture of microorganisms should be done only if the teacher is familiar with safe culture procedures. No cultures are to be made using known pathogens. Human and animal body fluids, including saliva, are not to be cultured.
3. Care and common sense should be used in collecting and handling live insects and other invertebrates.
4. Animals are permitted at school only with prior approval of the principal. (See School Board policy JZO.)
Biological Guidelines (continued)
5. Vertebrate animals should be kept in the classroom only if they can be treated humanely and their handling monitored by the teacher. Animals capable of inflicting bites should be displayed only, not handled. No experimentation that causes pain, malnutrition, thirst, or other stress to an animal is permissible.
6. Students are not encouraged to bring pets from home. If a student brings an animal to school, it should support instruction based on the Science Standards of Learning and be with the prior knowledge and approval of the teacher and the principal. Proper care and safe display of the animal must be provided.
7. Students and teachers should wash their hands thoroughly after handling chemicals, plants and/or animals.
8. For information about the legal implications related to wild animals in schools refer to the information from the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries found in the article, ÒEducators and VirginiaÕs Wildlife Laws (Heiser). Go to http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/ and click on 'Education,' then click on ÒEducators and Virginia's Wildlife Laws.Ó 
Science Field Trips
1. Field trips must be well planned and include activities that support the Essential Knowledge and/or Essential Understandings of the Science Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework. Instruct students about any potential hazards at the field trip site.
2. Students must be under competent adult supervision. The number of adult supervisors should be appropriate for the type of field trip and the age and maturity of the students.
3. Field studies that leave the natural environment undisturbed are encouraged. If collecting specimens for further study, be conservative in the number of specimens collected and use methods that cause the least disruption to the habitat. Do not collect any rare or endangered species. Do not remove any specimens from a protected area such as a park, conservation area, or nature preserve.
4. Do not use bare hands when turning over rocks, logs, etc. or when handling animals capable of inflicting bites and stings. Regard the field trip site as a lab setting and provide protective equipment if necessary.
5. Do not allow students to eat or taste plant material collected in the wild, or drink from ponds, streams, or lakes.
6. Avoid using glass containers in the field. Use plastic or cardboard containers for collecting or transporting materials. 
ROCKINGHAM COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOLS
SCIENCE SAFETY RULES AND PROCEDURES AGREEMENT
In order to ensure that science experiments are safe and positive learning experiences, students and their parents should read, discuss, and sign the science safety rules and procedures agreement. No student will be permitted to participate in laboratory work until the agreement is signed by a parent and student and returned to the teacher.
1. Act in a responsible manner at all times. Misconduct that endangers any student will not be tolerated.
2. Never work without adult supervision. Do not handle any materials until instructed by the teacher to do so.
3. Perform the experiments as directed. Do not do anything that is not part of an approved experimental procedure. Follow all instructions given by the teacher. Read the written procedures. If you donÕt understand a procedure or piece of equipment, ask the teacher.
4. Eating, or drinking in the lab or experimental work area are forbidden.
5. Wear appropriate protective equipment. A lab coat or apron and ANSI approved eye protection should be worn when necessary. Keep hands away from face, eyes, and mouth while using chemicals or preserved specimens.
6. Learn the locations and operation of emergency equipment including eyewash fountains, safety showers, fire extinguishers, fire blankets, etc. Report all accidents, injuries, close calls, or unsafe conditions to your teacher.
7. Shoes must be worn at all times; never go barefoot in the lab. Special care should be taken with floppy clothing. Tie back long hair to keep it away from flames and chemicals.
8. Never taste a chemical. Never pipette by mouth – always use a pipette bulb.
9. Check odors only if instructed to do so by gently wafting some of the vapor toward your nose with your hand.
10. Carry sharp objects with tip or sharp edge pointing downwards. Do not try to catch falling sharp objects.
11. Use caution when heating materials in the lab. Keep hands and face away from the mouth of a test tube or beaker being heated. Turn off burner or hot plate when you are finished – never leave an active heat source unattended.
12. Do not enter science prep rooms or storage areas unless under teacher supervision.
13. Never take chemicals, supplies, or equipment out of the laboratory without the knowledge and consent of the science teacher.
14. Clean your lab area; put away all equipment and reagents; wash your hands at the end of each work session. Report any damaged glassware or equipment to your teacher.
Your Science Teacher may add additional safety instructions to the back of this form.
I, _________________________________, have read, understand, and agree to follow these science safety rules and procedures. I agree to abide by any additional instructions, written or verbal, provided by my science teacher or adult supervisor.
Student Signature Date
Parent Signature Date
List any allergies or medical problems of which your teacher should be aware, including contact lenses.
Rockingham County Public Schools
Science Chemical List
No chemicals should be purchased or used in science laboratory exercises unless they:
(c) support the Essential Understandings and/or the Essential Knowledge found in the Science Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework, 2003 and
(d) are published in an appropriate laboratory manual with complete instructions.
Chemicals are to be purchased from commercial chemical suppliers. Under no circumstances are chemicals to be accepted as gifts or otherwise acquired from private individuals, manufacturing companies, government agencies, etc. The teacher should be familiar with any exercise involving chemicals and follow safe procedures for use and storage of those chemicals.
The quantity of chemicals stored should not be excessive. Quantities should be limited to amounts no greater than what will be consumed over two academic years.
The following list of chemicals was prepared using data from the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education, the Council of State Science Supervisors, and the Flinn Chemical Catalog/Reference Manual. Evaluation of these chemicals involved reactivity, toxicity, carcinogenic potential, explosiveness, and flammability. This brief list should be compared to the chemical inventory. Those chemicals preceded by an asterisk (*) should not be purchased, used, or stored. The other chemicals listed should be used or stored only with appropriate cautions. The MSDS should be read before using these or any other chemicals. The Flinn Chemical Catalog/Reference Manual is a good source of information on potential hazards.
Hazards indicated: C = positive or suspected carcinogen
T = moderately to extremely toxic
R = highly reactive and/or corrosive
F or E = potentially flammable or explosive
This list is subject to periodic review and updating. Inquiries on the status of any chemical may be directed to the General Supervisor, Science.
Acetamide – C
Acetic acid (glacial) – T, F, R
Acetic acid – R
*Acetic anhydride – F, R, T
Acetone – F, T
Acetyl chloride – F
Acrylonitrile – C
dl-Adrenalin – T
*Aluminum chloride (anhydrous) – R, T
*Ammonium bichromate – T, E. F
Ammonium chromate – T
Ammonium dichromate – T, E, F
Ammonium hydroxide (14M) – T
Ammonium hydroxide (6M) – T
Ammonium nitrate (crystals) – T, E
Ammonium vanadate (ammonium metavandate) – T
*Aniline – T, C
*Aniline hydrochloride – T
*Antracene – C
Antimony – T
Antimony oxide – T
Antimony pentachloride – R
Antimony trichloride - T
*Arsenic – T
*Arsenic chloride – T
*Arsenic pentoxide – T
*Arsenic trioxide –C, T
*Asbestos – C
*Arcarite – C
*Barium chloride (crystals) T
Barium oxalate – T
Barium peroxide – T, F (High School Only, Demo Supply)
*Benzene – C, T. F
*Benzidine – T
*Benzoin – C, T
Benzoyl chloride – T, R
*Benzoyl peroxide – T, E, R
*Beryllium carbonate – T
Biuret solution – R
*Bromine – T, F
*Bromine water – T (High School Only & fresh supply only)
*Cadmium – C, T
All Cadmium compounds – T
Cadmium bromide – T
Cadmium carbonate – T
*Cadmium chloride – C
Cadmium nitrate – C, T, F
Cadmium sulfate – C, T
*Calcium carbide – F
*Calcium cyanide – T
Calcium hypochlorite – T
Calcium nitrate (crystals) – F
Calcium oxide – R, F
*Carbon disulfide – F, E
*Carbon tetrachloride – T
*Catechol (pyrocatechol) – T
*Chlorine, chlorine water – T (High School Only & fresh supply only)
*Chloral hydrate – T
*Chloretone (chlorobutanol) – T
*Chloroform – C, T
Chlorpromazine – T
*Chromium – C, T
*Chromium (powder) – C
*Chromium oxide – C
Chromium potassium sulfate – T
*Chromium trioxide (chromic acid) – C, T
Cobalt – T
Cobalt chloride – T
*Colchicine – C, T
Cyclohexane – F, T (for high school only)
*Cyclohexene – F, T, E
*Cyclohexanol – F, T
Dichlorobenzene – T
*Dimethylaniline – T
*Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride) – C
*2,4-Dinitrophenol – T, E
*Diisopropyl ether – E
Dioxane – C
Ethyl alcohol – F, T
*Ethylene dichloride (Dichloroethane – C, F, T
Ethylene oxide – T, F
Ether (ethyl ether) – F, E
Ferrous sulfate – T
*Formaldehyde (37% solution) – T, C
Formalin (10% formaldehyde) T
*Formic acid – R
*Gasoline – F, E
*Gunpowder – E
*Hexachlorophene – T
*Hydrobromic acid – T
Hydrochloric acid – R
*Hydrofluoric acid – T
Hydrogen gas – F
Hydrogen peroxide (over 6% for high school only) – T, R
Hydrogen sulfide – T
Hydroquinone – T
Iodine crystals – T, R (High School Only, Demo Supply)
Isobutyl alcohol – F, T
Isopentyl alcohol – F, T
*Isopropyl alcohol (above 70% - F, T
Isopropyl alcohol – F
Lactic acid – R
All Lead compounds – T
*Lead acetate (flakes) – T, C
*Lead arsenate – C, T
Lithium – F, R (max. qty. – 1 yr. demo supply
Lithium nitrate crystals – E, R (max. qty. – 1 yr. demo supply)
Magnesium – F
Magnesium chlorate – T
Magnesium perchlorate – R
*Mercury (and all compounds) T
Methyl alcohol – F, T
Methyl ethyl ketone – F
Methyl iodide – C
Methyl methacrylate – T, F
*MillonÕs reagent solution – T
Nickel(ous) Ammonium sulfate crystals – T
Nickel carbonate – C
Nickel(ous) chloride – T, C
Nickel(ous) nitrate – T, C
Nickel oxide – C
Nickel(ous) sulfate – T, C
Nicotine – T
Nitric acid – R
Osmium tetroxide – T
Oxygen tanks – F
Para-dichlorobenze (1,4 Dichlorabenzene) – T
*Paris green – T
Pentane – F
*Perchloric acid – R, E
Perchloroethylene – C, T
*Petroleum ether – F
*Phenol (Crystals or 88% solution) – C, T
1-Phenyl-2Thiourea – T
Phenylthiocarbamide powder – T
*Phosphorous, red or white – F
*Phosphorous pentoxide – F, R
Potassium metal – E, R (max. qty. – 1 yr. demo supply
*Potassium cyanide – T
*Potassium chlorate – T, E
Potassium chromate – C, T
Potassium dichromate – R, T, C
Potassium ferricyanide – T
Potassium ferrocyanide – T
Potassium hydroxide (solid) – T, R
Potassium nitrate – F, E
Potassium nitrite (crystals) – F, E
Potassium periodate – R
Potassium permanganate – T, F
*Potassium sulfide – F, T
Propionic acid – F
n-Propyl alcohol – F
Pyridine – T, E
Pyrogallol (Pyrogallic acid) – T
Sebacoyl chloride/hexane soln. – F
Silver acetate – T
*Silver cyanide – T
Silver nitrate – T, R
Soda lime – R
Sodium metal – F, R (max. qty. – 1 yr. demo supply)
*Sodium arsenate – T, C
*Sodium arsenite – T, C
*Sodium azide – T, E
Sodium chlorate – F
Sodium chromate – T, C
*Sodium cyanide – T
Sodium dichromate – T, C
Sodium fluoride – T
Sodium hydroxide solutions – R (purchase of pre-mixed soln. recommended)
Sodium hydroxide – R
Sodium nitrate – R, E, T
Sodium nitrate (granular) – T, F, E (for A. P. Chemistry only)
Sodium nitrite – C, T, E
*Sodium peroxide – E
Sodium sulfide – T, F
Sodium thiocynate – T
Stannic chloride – R, T
*Strontium – F
Strontium nitrate – F
Sudan IV – C
*Sulfuric acid (fuming) – T, R
Sulfuric acid – R, T
Tannic acid – C, T
Tetrabromoethane – T
Thioacetamide – C, T
Thiourea (thiocarbamide) – C
*Toluene – T, F
Toluidine – C
Trichloroethylene – C, T
Uranyl acetate – C
Uranyl nitrate – C, F, E
Urethane – C
Vinylite – C
WinklerÕs solution #2 – R
WoodÕs metal – T
Xylene – F, T
Zinc nitrate (flakes – T, F
Science Department Chemical Storage Inspection Checklist
This checklist describes the conditions for a science chemical storage area to be in compliance with the Chemical Hygiene Plan for Rockingham County Public Schools. Copies of this report and documentation of necessary corrective actions taken are to be kept by the Chemical Hygiene Officer of the school and the General Supervisor, Science.
School______________________________ Storage Location___________________
Inspection by_________________________ Date_____________________________
Signature of Chemical Hygiene Officer ____________________________________
Part A: Storage Inspection
Conditions within storage area: … = Satisfactory, C = Corrective action needed
1. All chemicals are clearly labeled with all appropriate information. ______
2. Chemicals are stored on secure shelving. ______
3. Chemicals are spaced to allow safe storage and removal of chemicals. ______
4. Stored quantities of hazardous chemicals do not exceed a two-year supply. ______
5. The chemicals stored are only those required for science instruction. ______
6. Labeled cabinets are used for storage of flammables and contact hazards. ______
7. Storage area is free of defective containers. ______
8. Hazardous chemicals are not stored above eye level. ______
9. Locked doors secure access to the chemical storage area. ______
10. A fire extinguisher is located in the chemical storage area. ______
11. Materials are available for spill control and cleanup. ______
12. Floor area is free from clutter and provides easy exit from storage room. ______
13. None of the following are stored:
a. Gasoline ______
b. Mercury or mercury compounds ______
c. Benzoyl peroxide ______
d. Carbon disulfide ______
e. Ether ______
f. Picric acid ______
g. Perchloric acid ______
h. Arsenic powder, pentoxide, trichloride, or trioxide ______
i. Asbestos ______
j. Benzene or benzidine ______
k. Chromium powder or chromium (IV) oxide ______
l. Lead arsenate ______
m. Sodium arsenate or sodium arsenite ______
14. MSDS sheets are available in a clearly marked location. ______
15. Metal and glass containers of flammables are limited to one gallon in size. ______
16. Glass bottles are limited to one gallon for any of the following chemicals: acetone, amyl alcohol, methyl ethyl ketone, cyclohexane, ethanol, methanol. ______
17. Chemical storage area and laboratory has adequate ventilation.
18. Operation of fume hood is adequate; 60 to 100 linear feet per minute is recommended ______
Remarks: If more room is needed, please attach additional documents.
Part B: Chemical Hygiene Plan Checklist
Compliance with OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.1450, Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories
This chemical hygiene plan checklist is for use in Rockingham County Public Schools for annual inspections of science departments. Copies are to be kept by the Chemical Hygiene Officer of the school and the General Supervisor, Science.
1. Laboratory use of hazardous chemicals complies with OSHA Standard.
2. Work is performed on laboratory scale.
3. Employees are not exposed to substances requiring monitoring as defined by the OSHA Standard.
4. There is a written Chemical Hygiene Plan as defined by OSHA Standard.
5. Employees are protected from health hazards associated with chemicals in the laboratory in accordance with the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
6. The Chemical Hygiene Plan indicates specific measures to ensure employee protection in the laboratory including the following:
a. Employees use standard operating procedures relevant to safety and health when working with hazardous chemicals are addressed.
b. Employees obtain prior approval in circumstances required In the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
c. There is documentation of employee information and training at the time of employment and/or new assignment.
d. Employees are given access to a copy of the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
e. The Chemical Hygiene Plan is reviewed in detail with employees at least annually and any new provisions are explained.
8. Only chemical processes that do not require use of respirators are used.
9. Employees are provided the opportunity to receive medical attention under the circumstances defined in the Standard.
10. Employees dispose of chemicals of unknown composition, which are assumed hazardous, in accordance with the Chemical Hygiene Plan.
11. Labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed or defaced.
12. Particularly hazardous chemicals indicated in the Chemical Hygiene Plan are not allowed for laboratory use or storage.
13. Procedures for removal of unwanted or hazardous chemicals are explained.
14. The Chemical Hygiene Plan is reviewed and updated at least annually
Recommended Actions: please attach additional documents.
 Heiser, C. "Educators and Virginia's Wildlife Laws." Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, Last revised January 2005, <www.dgif.virginia.gov>.