THE WORLD MUST
THAT IT MAY NEVER HAPPEN
Revised March 30, 2001
"To save one life is as if
you have saved the world"
"They came for the
communists, and I did not speak up because I wasn't a communist;
They came for the socialists,
and I did not speak up because I was not a socialist;
They came for the union
leaders, and I did not
speak up because I wasn't a union leader;
They came for the Jews, and I
didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for me, and
there was no one left to speak up for me."
An overview of Krema IV in
Auschwitz. The gas chambers are in the back; in the foreground, the
morgue and the crematorium.
One of the cremation pits used
to burn the victims of the gas chambers in Auschwitz. These "burning
pits" were used mainly in the summer of 1944, when the extermination
was going at such a rate that the furnaces couldn't handle the number
of corpses. From 1933 to 1945 the Nazis murdered 6,000,000 Jews and
millions of others. This tragedy, called the Holocaust, represents
the world's most overwhelming example of intolerance.
"Holocaust, an Old Testament
sacrificial term, used by historians to describe the massacre of 6
million Jews by the German Nazi regime during
Some of the images contained in these
sites are disturbing.
to Table of Contents
Resources--This site looks
at the Holocaust as it relates to the Jews and others who were
singled out by the Nazis; many very good links are found here.
must remember the Holocaust--Six
million is a difficult number to comprehend, yet many people will
try this Sunday, Holocaust Remembrance Day--not to understand why
it happened, or how, but rather to protect and preserve the memory
of those who died and the circumstances of their deaths. It is
easy in the United States to forget the devastation of the Second
World War; this country was spared from the horrors of both
bombing and Hitler's "answer" to the age-old "Jewish Question."
And Europe has largely rebuilt--the signs of war and death have
mostly disappeared or have been hidden by rebuilding.
HOLOCAUST: AN HISTORICAL SUMMARY--The
Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic annihilation of six
million Jews by the Nazi regime and their collaborators as a
central act of state during World War II.
Holocaust History Project--The
Holocaust History Project is a free archive of documents,
photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust,
including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.
of the Shoah Visual History Foundation--
Founded by Steven Spielberg in 1994, Survivors of the Shoah Visual
History Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to
videotaping and archiving interviews of Holocaust survivors all
over the world. Interviews are catalogued and archived using
breakthrough digital technology and will be made available via
on-line, interactive networks to museums, educational institutions
and nonprofit organizations and through educational documentaries,
books and CD-ROMs.
Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy--Background
information on the Holocaust and related events. See a Camp
Develop a sense of what the layout of a camp was and the mechanics
behind a death machine. A year-by-year multimedia timeline of 1933
SAVE A LIFE: STORIES OF JEWISH RESCUE--a
previously unpublished book in which personal narratives and
photographs reveal how certain individuals acting upon their own
moral convictions--while endangering their own and their families'
lives--saved the lives of Jewish people from Nazi-occupied Europe.
of the Holocaust--This page
is here to help you look up the name of the child on your
Forget-Me-Not Internet Card. Find your child in the alphabetical
list below and click on the child's name.
site has many interesting and disturbing pictures of the camps and
the things that happened in them.
AND THE FINAL SOLUTION--The
information in this timeline is based on Gerald Fleming's
book, Hitler and the Final
States Holocaust Memorial Museum--This
site contains many online exhibits.
purpose is to educate the public about the horrors of the
holocaust and to tell the story of the childeren who survived.
Further, visitors learn about the experiments twins were forced to
endure. "Those who do not learn from the past are doomed to repeat
it." has become the basis for the museum's efforts to educate and
enlighten about the Holocaust. The slogan of the Museum is "Let us
remove hatred and prejudice from the world and let it begin with
Jewish Victims of the Shoah--Written
as a tribute to the forgotten victims of the Holocaust.
HOLOCAUST--"Today I will
once more be a prophet: If the international Jewish financiers
inside and outside Europe should again succeed in plunging the
nations into a world war, the result will be not the
bolshevization of the earth and thus the victory of Jewry, but the
annihilation of the Jewish race throughout Europe." Adolf Hitler
speaking before the Reichstag, 1939.
came for the communists, and I did not speak up because I wasn't a
road to Auschwitz was built by hate, but paved with
of the Holocaust--This a
great site for both students and teachers to explore the
Jewish Holocaust 1933-1945--Provides
a wealth of information on the Holocaust.
Lesson Plans and Links--This
site contains a great deal of information for the educator wishing
to do a unit on the Holocaust.
Anne Frank House--Anne
Frank was one of the Jewish victims of Nazi persecution during the
Second World War. After Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands in
1940, increasingly severe anti-Jewish measures began here as well.
The Frank family tried to escape by going into hiding.
and the Holocuast--Dedicated
to all those women : Who were murdered while pregnant. Holding
little hands of children or carrying infants in their arms on the
way to be gassed. In hiding. To the mothers who gave their
children to be hidden, many never to find them again. To the
righteous gentile mothers who were hiding and protecting the
Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center Online
--A multimedia learning
center for students and teachers.
Remember--This site is
dedicated to examining Jewish resistance during the Holocaust.
Here you will find information that discusses both the spiritual
and armed resistance of many Jews in ghettos and concentration
of the German/Nazi Holocaust--
illustrated history of the holocaust performed by the Nazis during
WW2 on the Jewish and other peoples.
can be described one of the darkest eras in human existence, and
the greatest crime imposed upon people by people. The Holocaust
which was a product of Hitler's Nazi Germany, is an event that we
need to study and learn from. The Holocaust caused the death of
over Six Million innocent people, the majority of whom were of
Holocaust: Lest we forget--
description of concentration and extermination camps in Poland
during the Nazi occupation in WW II.
the Holocaust and The Diary of Anne
Frank--A page of
interesting Holocaust links.
Teacher Resource Center--This
Holocaust Teacher Resource Center (TRC) web site, is dedicated to
the memory of the six million Jewish people slaughtered during the
Holocaust and the five million other people slaughtered during the
Nazi era. It strives to combat prejudice and bigotry by
transforming the horrors of the Holocaust into positive lessons to
help make this a better and safer world for everybody. This site
is sponsored by the Holocaust Education Foundation, Inc.
about the Holocaust, the deliberate, systematic genocide of six
million European Jews by the Nazis.
Holocaust Web Site--Information
on the rise of the Nazis, Adolf Hitler, the Third Reich, Hitler's
plan of Genocide, and the Nuemburg trials. Also included is a
World War II time line.
Jerusalem's Holocaust Pages--This
site is a good source of Holocaust information.
Let the Light Go Out"--This
Exhibition features Animated On screen Movies, Historical Images,
Quicktime Movies and Sound to bring you a little closer to the
horror that is and was the Holocaust.
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CONCENTRATION CAMPS 1933-1945--The
information in this timeline is from the book "Inside the Vicious
Heart" written by Robert H. Abzug.
Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy - The Camps--There
were two types of camps under the Nazi rule--the slave labor
concentration camps where inmates were placed under harsh working
conditions and starvation and the actual death camps whose sole
purpose was for the annihilation of the Jewish population and any
other "enemy" of the Nazis.
Visit to Historical Places of Interest in
Poland--As one of my tour
guides pointed out, there is not an inch of Poland that has not
had a tragic history, not a single Polish family that escaped the
Nazis, and not a single family that didn't suffer during the Nazi
Concentration Camp Memorial--A
page of memorial pictures of Buchenwald.
to former Nazi concentration camp at Dachau.
for investigating contemporary history of Dachau.
--Color Photos of the Memorial Site at former Dachau Concentration
Camp, taken in May 1997.
29, 1945 - U.S. 7th Army
liberates Dachau extermination camp.
of the Dachau Concentration Camp--The
establishment of a 'concentration camp' was first made public by
Himmler on March 20 during a press conference. Two days later, on
March 22, 1933 the NS opened the first official special camp for
communist protective detainees at the site of a former ammunition
factory near Dachau.
site allows the user to tour the camps as they appear today. By
clicking on the pictures, the user is given an enlarged version of
the photo. In a letter from SS-Sturmbannführer Jahrling to
SS-Generalmajor Kammler, the cremating capacity of the five
Auschwitz crematoriums is specified as 4,756 per 24 working hours.
a glossary of terms associated with the infamous concentration
camp and other aspects of the holocaust.
Extermination Camp Liberated
FINAL STATION EXTERMINATION
-- Auschwitz has become synonymous for the biggest crime of all
mankind and is well documented. Auschwitz is the site where the
planned and organised genocide took place; its victims were no
buried, but burnt and their ashes spread over the fields in the
and Birkenau Homesite--Through
out the world Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide,
and the Holocaust.
- Luke's Virtual World --
TRIP TO AUSCHWITZ--. I
decided to place one on the grave of the last Kronenberg buried in
Geseke, the second in Birkenau, where my grandparents were
murdered, and the third on my mother's gravestone in
MACHT FREI - WORK LIBERATES--Some
people refuse to accept the fact that Auschwitz really happened.
For them, the concept of Auschwitz is nothing more and nothing
less than a wildly exaggerated, freely invented horror story used
by the victorious Allies to saddle the German people with a bad
conscience for all eternity.
Forgotten Camps ("Les camps
of several small Nazi concentration camps, work camps, police
camps, transit camps, etc. . . by Vincent Châtel and Chuck
Pictures Exhibition --Each
poster contains one picture, a comment on it and the
Undeniable Holocaust: A Pictorial Archive of Nazi
Atrocities--Jews on their
way to Babi Yar pass corpses lying on the street. Railway cars
loaded with the corpses of prisoners who died en route to Dachau.
This site contains some very strong and disturbing
Holocaust Project: The Final Solution: A
Summary--This file contains
a short survey on the dimensions of the Holocaust, published by
the Institut Fuer Zeitgeschichte (Institute for Contemporary
History) in Munich, Germany, in 1992.
Extermination Factory - Auschwitz--The
extermination plant with the most advanced design anywhere in the
world consisted of two large crematoria/gas chambers and two
smaller ones. Crematoria Four and Five were built on the surface
of the ground. Crematoria Two and Three had subterranean gas
chambers and reception areas. They were about 102 meters long by
51 meters across. The basement consisted of two main rooms--the
undressing area, which also served as a mortuary, and a gas
chamber. Victims climbed down the steps into the basement. Those
who could not walk were pushed down a concrete slide. The gas
chamber, about 225 square meters, looked like a large communal
bathroom with shower heads.
Mu'ller's: Eyewitness Auschwitz--"Mu'ller
is neither an historian nor a psychologist; he does not analyze or
dissect." Bauer also relates how Mu'ller included a summary of his
testimony in a book (published in 1966 as "The Death Factory," by
Kraus and Kulka) written in his native Czehoslovakia in 1946, when
his horrible memories were fresh and uncluttered by the energies
R. Murrow's Report From Buchenwald--There
surged around me an evil-smelling stink, men and boys reached out
to touch me. They were in rags and the remnants of uniforms. Death
already had marked many of them, but they were smiling with their
eyes. I looked out over the mass of men to the green fields
beyond, where well-fed Germans were ploughing..
- visit fifty years later--"50
Years Later, a Visit With Buchenwald's Ghosts"
site contains alphabetical accounts of life in the camps by camp
Wolf Lewkowicz Collection--These
Yiddish letters are the only tangible evidence that remain of the
life of Wolf Lewkowicz.
CAMPS--A collection of many
camp photographs and an interactive map.
Reinhard": The Extermination Camps of Belzec, Sobibor and
tasks of Globocnik and his staff in Operation Reinhard were: the
overall planning of the deportations and of the extermination
operations; the construction of extermination camps; to coordinate
the deportation of Jews from the different administrative
districts to the extermination camps; the killing of the Jews in
the camps; to secure their belongings and valuables and transfer
them to the appropriate German authority.
the Camps - Stumme Zeugen--Welcome
to the virtual exhibit. Photographs by Erich Hartmann
Memoriam of Iwan (pronounced Eewan) and
Jettie--"Most memories of
the war years are quite unpleasant. I have successfully managed to
block out that part of the past which deals with my childhood
years. I try to remember, but when I do I see mostly still
pictures before me. However, the following episode I vividly
remember. I was thirteen years old at the time. My family and I
lived in the Netherlands. The year was 1943."
Survivors and Liberators
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The Liberation of Dachau--"On
the last Sunday of April 1945, the first Allied soldier, an
American scout of Polish descent, came through the gate of the
main Dachau camp."
Liberation of Buchenwald--"Buchenwald,
the first concentration camp to be breached by the western Allies,
had been built high on the hills above Weimar, capital of the
defunct democratic Republic and not far from an imperial Schloss
known as Wilhelmshohe. Nearby still stood the "Goethe Oak,"a noble
tree to which the eighteenth-century giant of German letters had
often repaired to refresh his perspective. Approximately 238,000
prisoners, many of them Jews, but also non-Jewish Poles, Russians,
and dissident Germans, had been incarcerated in Buchenwald since
we landed on a makeshift airstrip, we were taken into the first
Nazi concentration camp liberated by American troops. As we neared
Buchenwald, the odors became nauseating. I commented to the driver
about this, and he said "You ain't seen nothing yet. There's dead
bodies all over the place, and the clean-up hasn't even started."
He took me on a tour of Buchenwald. I can't begin to describe the
of sites that deal with the liberation of the
HEROES--HOLOCAUST HEROES is
a recently launched site devoted to honoring the brave men and
women who risked their lives to rescue and shelter Jewish refugees
fleeing the Nazi reign of terror. A major thrust of its mission
will be to recognize the rescue activity of the many church groups
whose work has been marginalized by too many Holocaust writers and
VASHEM--The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance
(in Hebrew Shoah) spanned the years 1933 to 1945, the time that
Germany was under Nazi rule and the Nazi regime occupied large
portions of the European continent.
Austria - May 4, 1945--This
pamphlet was produced by the US Army after they liberated a
concentration camp in Austria called Gunskirchen Lager. The 71st
arrived just days before VE day.
Story--I want people to
read my book if they believe they have problems. When they are
finished reading my story, they will understand that their
problems are nothing compared to what I and others experienced
during the Holocaust. With God's help, I came through terrible
times to a good life.
rescuers, liberators, and others who lived through the events and
want to relate their stories.
Holocaust Survivors Homepage:
Mengele twin shares inspiring words of faith,
courage-- The German-born
Vigorito was just 3 years old when she was deported to
Auschwitz-Birkenau and singled out by Mengele because she was a
twin. At an age when she should have been running and playing with
dolls, Vigorito and her identical sister, Channah, were locked in
a cage in Mengele's laboratory.
God help the outcasts, hungry
from birth. Show them the mercy they don't find on earth. The lost
and forgotten, they look to You still. God help the outcasts, or
from GOD HELP THE OUTCASTS by Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz from the HUNCHBACK OF NOTRE DAME and sung by
the Sake of All Mankind, Let History Not Repeat Itself
This page was created by Pam Robinson for
the 8th grade Civics classes at Elkton Middle
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